Background and geographic location
Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous district — Ugra is situated in the central cha- STI West Siberian Plain, one of the largest plains in the world. Historically, the name of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous district — Ugra, «Yi» — means water, «Ra» — the people.
In the north county borders on the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, in the north-west — with the Republic of Komi, in the south-west — with the Sverdlovsk region, in the south — Tobolsk and Uvat district of the Tyumen region, in the south-east and east — with the Tomsk region and the Krasnoyarsk Territory. The area of the district is 534.8 thousand sq. M. km, more than 3% of the area of Russia.
The area of the region is comparable to France or territory of Ukraine. His terri- thorium stretches from west to east almost 1 400 km from north to south — 900 km. The length of borders is 4733 km. As part of Ugra — 106 municipalities. In District 9 districts, 13 urban districts, 26 urban villages, 58 rural settlements. County population — 1 626.8 thousand people.. . 32 thousand people, or about 2% — is the representatives of indigenous peoples: the Khanty, Mansi and Forest Nenets, half of which are a traditional way of life. The administrative center — go- kind of Khanty-Mansiysk. The distance from Khanty-Mansiysk to Moscow — 2050 km (flight 3 hours); to St. Petersburg — 2130 km (flight 3 hours 10 minutes); to Ekaterinburg — 1,300 km (flight 1 hour 45 minutes); to Tyumen — 930 km (flight 1 hour 10 minutes) to Surgut — 300 km (flight 1 hour).
Export potential of Ugra
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous district — Ugra -is export-oriented regions, and in the total volume of foreign trade turnover accounts for export — 93.5% of import — 6.5%. Exports are: mineral fuel, oil and products of their distillation, bituminous substances, mineral waxes; wood, wood-based coal-equilibrium; aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof; nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof; electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; Sound recording and playback An- paratus, apparatus for recording and playback of television image and sound, their parts and accessories; ferrous metals. Of the total volume of exports — 95.2% — is a mineral fuel, oil and products of their distillation. In Ugra import: aircraft; boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances, parts thereof; nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof; products from ferrous metals; ground transportation vehicles, except railway tion or tramway rolling-stock, and parts and accessories thereof; elec- trical machinery and equipment. The main directions in the development of foreign trade is foreign trade, attracting foreign investment. Autonomous region’s foreign trade turnover in 2015 amounted to US $ 12 529 400 000… On the non-CIS countries accounted for 99.77% of the total county turnover volume in the CIS countries — 0.23%.
Description of export potential of small and medium business:
Processing of wood and manufacture of wood products.
Currently, the Autonomous district activities of more than 50 enterprises of timber industry complex (TIC). Production enterprises LPK autonomous region has great export potential. According to Rosstat, the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous district — Ugra is the fifth place among Russian regions in terms of total stocks of wood.
Production of construction and finishing materials.
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — Ugra is a region with the richest reserves of natural resources. Two main rivers: the Ob and the Irtysh flow through the territory of the district. In total, the region has more than 1000 large and small rivers, in a total length of more than 172 thousand kilometers and more than 300 thousand lakes. In water reservoirs of the okrug there are 28 species of fish, 17 of which are of commercial significance: sterlet, nelma, muksun, pelyad, broad whitefish, siberian whitefish, tugun, burbot, pike, nerfling, bream, walleye, crucian carp, perch, roach, dace, ruff.
Collection and processing of wild plants.
In the autonomous region every year there are more than 60 thousand tons of berries (cranberries — 19.5 thousand tons, blueberry -. 10.6 thousand tons, cranberries -. 32.1 thousand tons.), 40 thousand tons of mushrooms. Also on the territory of the autonomous region is 70% of stocks of pine nuts UFD (2111.4 tons). Currently, more than 40 enterprises of the Autonomous Okrug involved in the collection and processing of wild plants. The priority in the development of trade cooperation on the «wild plants» line is the Asian market and European market. The population of these regions appreciates natural products having ing useful properties.
Production of fish and fish products, meat and products anyone’s fishing hunters.
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous district — Ugra — is the region with the richest reserves of natural resources themselves. In reservoirs district live 29 species of fish belonging to the families of the nine, eighteen of which are of commercial importance. At present, the fisheries are 142 facilities, including 43 national communities; 47 individual entrepreneurs; 35 limited liability companies; 3 open joint-stock company; 3 closed joint-stock society; 4 public organization of hunters and fishermen; 5 farms and cooperatives; 2 state and municipal enterprises. Also harvesting of valuable species of fish goes to the national tribal communities.
Enterprise management traditional indigenous peoples of the north and souvenirs
National fisheries Khanty and Mansi and Ugra souvenirs.
Ugra — the territory of residence of indigenous peoples Khanty and Mansi. Souvenirs of these people now is very popular, which explains for the territory of the Russian Federation. On the territory of the autonomous region has more than 30 business entities engaged in traditional crafts: bone carving, sewing of national clothes and shoes, jewelry making, etc.
Companies of tourism services
Development of inbound and ethno-tourism, hunting and fishing.
Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous district - Ugra has a rich tourist and recreational potential: protected natural territories, historical and cultural monuments, cultural and historical resources, original cultural heritage of indigenous peoples of the North and modern infrastructure. The availability of these resources creates prerequisites for the development of cultural, educational, ethnographic, ecological, religious tourism of an excursion and educational orientation, event-based, sports, water, active (skiing, Hiking, mountain), hunting, fishing, health-improving, rural, business and auto tourism. There are 20 tour operators specializing in domestic tourism on the territory of the Autonomous district.
Companies innovative services
Enterprises Energy, medicine, instrument making, waste recycling.
Active development of the fuel and energy complex in the territory of the autonomous region, the presence of regi- ONET largest oil and gas companies in the world has led to the fact that formed a major research cluster in Ugra. In Ugra currently is being developed over 100 innovative projects in the following areas: construction, oil industry, IT-technology, housing, energy conservation, recycling, printing, instrumentation, medicine, health, production of construction materials. Autonomous County companies have business contacts with partners from the USA, Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Finland and other countries.